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Local Reconciliation Actors Researcher

Job Type: Full time | Company: CTG Global | Location: Multiple Locations, Libya | Date posted: 18-04-2017
Overview of CTG Global CTG support and manage humanitarian projects in fragile and conflict-affected countries around the world. With past performance in 15 countries – from the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and Central and South America – we offer a holistic fabric of project management, implementation and support. Skilled in emergency response to crises such as the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, we have the ability to act quickly (crisis response teams can be on the ground in 24 hours) and to establish structured operations in high-risk environments. CTG recruit and manage qualified, skilled teams with extensive experience operating in challenging conditions.
Overview of position The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. UNDP operates in 177 countries, working with nations on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. 

In accordance with its mandate under United Nations Security Council Resolution 2213 (2015), the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) has been actively engaged in efforts to mediate a peaceful resolution to Libya's political and institutional crisis and bring an end to the armed conflict. Consultations with a wide range of Libyan stakeholders including parliamentarians, political leaders and various civil society personalities in Libya paved the way for convening the round of UN brokered Libyan political dialogue commencing in Geneva in January 2015. 

In the framework of the Peacebuilding Fund-supported project « Towards National Reconciliation in Libya », which will assist Libyan national and local authorities, civil society and other partners in their effort to promote an inclusive vision for national reconciliation, and on the basis of the two consultation meetings organized by UNSMIL and UNDP in August 2016 and January 2017, UNDP is working jointly with UNSMIL to take forward local dialogue processes towards a national reconciliation initiative. In this connection, UNDP is seeking to hire a national consultant to conduct research on local reconciliation actors and institutions in Western Libya. 

Several consultations and roundtable discussions facilitated by UNSMIL have demonstrated that most interlocutors believed that in the absence of a functioning state and due to the lack of trust at the national level, community reconciliation should be a starting point in Libya, before one thinks of establishing transitional justice mechanisms or support institutional reconciliation processes. Effective peace initiatives do exist in Libya, especially at the local level, and should be built upon. Local reconciliation processes thrived after 2015, and mostly rely on local and traditional leaders and elders for mediation, implementation and monitoring. They build upon a certain sense of local belonging and often use traditional mediation tools through informal networks of “elders”, tribal or municipal councils, which currently enjoy more public trust than central authorities and could therefore become powerful vectors of reconciliation, if they manage to be sufficiently detached from political interference. 
Traditional conflict resolution is more accessible, rapid, context-responsive and less costly, permitting a more participatory approach to reconciliation that has been insufficiently supported so far. Local peace efforts are thus important, Libyan-owned mechanisms for building stability within the country, ahead of efforts to address the structural causes of conflict at local and national levels. Ultimately, it is on this breeding ground of absence of heavy violence and existing channels of communication at the local level that the vicious circle between violence and lack of reconciliation at the national level can be broken.
Role objectives The overall responsibility of the consultant will be to provide a policy-oriented research report mapping the main actors and institutions of local reconciliation processes and mechanisms in the West of Libya. The consultant will provide advice and policy guidance to the Political Division of UNSMIL on the various ways that the local/community reconciliation initiatives could be inter-connected, in a way that would better enhance national reconciliation in the long-term. 
This research is part of the project’s First outcome “National reconciliation strategy developed through a consultative and inclusive process, allowing for the meaningful and effective participation of youth, women, and groups from across the Libyan society”, output 1.3: “Capacity building provided to strengthen the ability of various stakeholders to engage in the reconciliation and dialogue process”.
Expected output The consultant will carry out the following activities: 
Identify, based on the UNSMIL mapping report, the main actors (institutional and individual) engaged in local reconciliation processes in the West of Libya, focusing in particular on the role of traditional leaders and traditional/informal justice mechanisms. 
Describe the functioning of those processes (case studies), including the way the agreements were reached, the nature of the agreement, its format, and implementation or follow-up measures, and the role of the mapped actors in them. 
Evaluate these actors’ role and their local legitimacy, capacities, and needs. 
Suggest, based on interviews with key relevant interlocutors engaged in those processes, concrete ways to improve them and link them to national reconciliation efforts through tailored capacity building activities, communication, outreach, and the formation of a national network. 
Consider best ways to integrate youth and women in this effort, while carefully analysing the challenges that this integration may raise, in particular with regards to elders/traditional leaders’ involvement. 
Provide advice and policy guidance of the Political Division of UNSMIL on the various ways that the local/community reconciliation initiatives could be inter-connected, in a way that would better enhance national reconciliation in the long-term. The “network” would include local facilitators, peacemakers and mediators in Libya, and all actors engaged in reconciliation in their communities, including civil society organizations, youth activists, municipalities, women’s groups, notables, tribal leaders, elders, businessmen, and the various ayans that have already contributed to reconciliation at a local, regional, or national level. The study will respond, among others, to the following questions: 
o Based on the mapping report, who could be part of this network? Which initiatives / actors / categories of stakeholders should be contacted in priority? Where? 
o How should these members be selected? Under what criteria? By whom? 
o What form could this network take? Should it be formalized? Informal? If so, what connections could be established (media/social media/meetings, if so where, how, why, etc.) 
Submission and acceptance of final report containing analysis, evaluation, and recommendations on the actors of local reconciliation processes in Western Libya.
Project reporting The consultants will be reporting to UNSMIL Political Affairs Department (PAD), under supervision of the Project Manager of the National Reconciliation project at UNDP Libya
Key competencies A minimum of 5 years relevant work experience. 
Excellent analytical writing and drafting skills. 
Good knowledge of the Libyan political, social, and cultural context, in particular with regards to traditional justice/leaders systems and/or transitional justice, as well as good connections with local peacemakers in the West.
Team management
This role does not have team management responsibility.
Further information
To be advised.
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Date posted 18-04-2017
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