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Shadow Economy Analysis Report Writer

Job Type: Contract | Company: CTG | Location: Tripoli, Libya | Date posted: 10-10-2017

TERMS OF REFERENCE

 

Vacancy reference no.:

VAC-1047

Position:

Shadow Economy Analysis Report Writer

Place of performance:

Tripoli - Homebased, Libya

Contract duration:

up to 2 months (@21days/month)

Starting date:

16-Oct-2017

 

OVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBAL

CTG support and manage humanitarian projects in fragile and conflict-affected countries around the world. With past performance in 15 countries – from the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and Central and South America – we offer a holistic fabric of project management, implementation and support. Skilled in emergency response to crises such as the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, we have the ability to act quickly (crisis response teams can be on the ground in 24 hours) and to establish structured operations in high-risk environments. CTG recruit and manage qualified, skilled teams with extensive experience operating in challenging conditions.

 

OVERVIEW OF THE POSITION

This consultant will conduct research on the Shadow Economy in Libya. As well as conducting a review of studies already completed, the consultant will need to utilize existing contacts to interview and solicit information from a range of actors involved in the shadow economy including gold dealer, importers, financial officials and bankers. This information will then need to be analyzed and written into a report which will then be reviewed by UNSMIL who will provide feedback. UNSMIL would also like the consultant to integrate additional documents that the mission has obtained including the reports from Libyan, including the 2016 Audit Bureau report and international financial institutions. This report will assist the mission in developing its understanding of the shadow economy and the interests it generates among key Libyan stakeholders. It will also feed into related strategies developed by the mission including on the economy, governance and the security sector.

 

Shadow Economy

The hard currency shadow economy in Libya is growing to unprecedented levels due to the fragmentation of Libyan financial institutions, soaring inflation, the lack of liquidity and the break down of the rule of law. Although access to hard currency controlled by the Central Bank of Libya has been tightened, tens of millions of dollars are being sequestered into the black market through corruption of the Letters of Credit and Exchange of Documents process.  As Libya is highly depending on imports, efforts to curtail this abuse has resulted in immediate increases in the prices of basic goods which then places pressure on the CBL and other authorities to relax the restrictions.

Nowadays, there is more money outside of the official banking system than inside it. As a result, Libyan financial institutions, which are already weak and divided, have less control over the monetary and financial system. As a result, everyday Libyans as well as small to large import companies are relying on the hard currency black market to get their business done.  This deprives the state both of income through taxes as well as an ability to maintain cash reserves.  It is one of the main sources behind the liquidity crisis as well as the main obstacle to addressing it.

Another vital dynamic is that this smuggling racket has now become so lucrative that it has created vital interests within some Libyan actors.  These include corrupt officials and businessmen but also armed groups who are able to either directly into business or extract protection money from those who do. This access to finances is expanding the power of these actors and making them more reluctant to reform efforts, including any progress in political dialogue.

Understanding the dynamics of the hard currency shadow economy is therefore vital not only to addressing the economic crisis facing Libya but it is also crucial to understanding and potentially creating leverage on armed groups as well as recalcitrant political actors.

 

GENERAL FUNCTIONS

Role objective:

The objective of this report is to not only provide a detailed description of the manner in which the hard currency shadow economy works and the degree to which national institutions are being compromised but also to identify why the solutions being applied are not having any impact.  If possible, it will also be helpful if the report can identify some of the larger actors involved in this process as this may assist in understanding the political dynamics in Libya that are impacting on political and economic reform.

 

Expected output:

The report on the Hard Currency Shadow Economy will be structured as follows:

 

Background: Brief overview of the dynamics of the Libyan economy and the emergence of the shadow economy. Identify practices used in the past to control the black market and describe why they are no longer effective.

 

Actors and Dynamics of the Shadow Economy: Description of the actors involved in the Libyan financial system including state, private enterprises such as banks and the actors of the shadow economy.

 

Description of how Actors Access Hard Currency: Describe the different methods by which actors access hard currency, including through use of the Letters of Credit and Exchange of Documents processes, and either use it as an alternative financial transaction system or how they utilise the black market exchange rate to make profits.

 

Effect on Libyan Society and Institutions: Describe how the dynamics are benefitting certain segments of Libyan society and how the temptation to reap quick rewards is corrupting state institutions.

 

Project reporting:

Reporting to PD Project Manager

 

Team management:

This role does not require team management 

 

ESSENTIAL EXPERIENCE

Education:

§  Bachelor's degree in Communications or Journalism..

 

Work experience:

§  Minimum of 4 years of demonstrable relevant Economic Recovery experience.

 

Geographical experience:

§  Minimum of 4 years of experience in Africa with local experience in Tripoli - Homebased is an advantage.

 

Languages:

§  Fluency in Arabic and English are essential.

 

 

Key competencies:

• A Bachelor's degree in Communications or Journalism.

• A minimum of 4 years relevant work experience.

• Fluency in Arabic is a necessary requirement and good writing skills in English is required.

• Previous experience with the Libyan development context is a necessary requirement.

• Vast background on tribes, ethnic groups and Libyan history is highly desirable.

 

Other relevant information:

Duration of the Work

55 working days, 16 October – 29 December 2017

 

Duty Station and Travel

The author will be contracted for a period of 55 working days, working closely under UNSMIL PAD and other sections to complete the report.

 S. NoDeliverablesEstimated Duration to CompletePayment and approvals1A brief Report on the dynamics of the Libyan economy and the emergence of the shadow economyThe first month 1, 21 working daysPayment will be made upon submission and approval of report, time sheet, and delivered product as per ToR and scope of work2Second Report to outline the key actors involved in the Libyan financial system including public, private enterprises the actors of the shadow economyThe second month 2, 21 working daysPayment will be made upon submission and approval of report, time sheet, and delivered product as per ToR and scope of work3Final intensive Report on the Shadow Economy in Libya

 The third month 3, 13 working daysPayment will be made upon submission and approval of report, time sheet, and delivered product as per ToR and scope of work

 

 

 

 

 

Interested candidates should create a profile and apply on CTG Global careers website (click here).  Please refer to the vacancy number:  VAC-1047.  Shortlisted candidates will be contacted for an interview.

 

 

 

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Date posted 10-10-2017
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