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National Consultant to establish a national network of mediators

Job Type: Contract | Company: CTG | Location: Tripoli, Libya | Date posted: 02-11-2017



Vacancy reference no.:



National Consultant to establish a national network of mediators 

Place of performance:


Contract duration:

up to 3 months (@21days/month)

Starting date:




CTG support and manage humanitarian projects in fragile and conflict-affected countries around the world. With past performance in 15 countries – from the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and Central and South America – we offer a holistic fabric of project management, implementation and support. Skilled in emergency response to crises such as the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, we have the ability to act quickly (crisis response teams can be on the ground in 24 hours) and to establish structured operations in high-risk environments. CTG recruit and manage qualified, skilled teams with extensive experience operating in challenging conditions.



The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) is tasked with assisting the Libyan authorities in restoring public security and the rule of law, promoting inclusive political dialogue and national reconciliation, and in assisting them to embark on the drafting of a new constitution and on laying the foundation for elections.  In accordance with its mandate UNSMIL will assist Libyan authorities and institutions resulting from the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA), through technical advice and assistance to conduct a participatory, transparent, fair, inclusive and nationally owned and led reconciliation process.


In line with its mandate, the priorities laid down in its work plan and in keeping with the provisions of the LPA, UNSMIL and UNDP support stakeholders to come up with a reference document with options for developing a national reconciliation strategy. The document would inform future strategy and planning purposes in matters related to national reconciliation, as part of the Peacebuilding Fund supported project.


The document will be in line with the UN guiding principles on transitional justice, which include transparency, inclusiveness, accountability, and respect for local customs. The UN institutional support on reconciliation should thus focus on strengthening national efforts, including through capacity-building workshops and sharing of comparative experiences, in order to conceptualize and design an inclusive and comprehensive national reconciliation strategy, as well as program including its operationalization timeline.


As national ownership and independence are critical to the success of any reconciliation process, and in follow-up to the September 2016 and January 2017 experts preparatory meetings on reconciliation and the recommendations emanating from them, as well as in line with a “bottom-up” approach to peacebuilding, UNSMIL and UNDP propose to establish a national network of local mediators in Libya.


Since 2011, local reconciliation initiatives in Libya have remained mostly ad hoc and limited to these local constituencies. Furthermore they often consist of a “light” version of reconciliation, i.e. ceasefire agreement with some confidence-building measures: a rather “thin” understanding of reconciliation involving an exchange of prisoners, the payment of compensations, the reopening of some roads and the establishment of regular channels of communications to avoid isolated incidents escalating into new rounds of violence. This approach, while contributing to temporarily cease hostilities locally, does not bring sustainable peace and fails to address the structural causes of violence, thereby leaving a return to violence in the near future possible. Focusing only on the micro-level also bears the risk of further fragmenting the social fabric.


While local ceasefires and reconciliation agreements are indicative of Libya’s own capacities for building peace, their limited focus and the absence of a central state to ensure implementation have prevented them from having a strong, national impact so far, in particular when it comes to compensations. They have also, sometimes, reinforced tribal and ethnic senses of belonging. More synergies and linkages between national and local reconciliation initiatives should therefore be promoted. Ultimately, it is on this breeding ground of absence of heavy violence and existing channels of communication at the local level that the vicious circle between violence and lack of reconciliation at the national level can be broken.


Strong social networks within tribes, families and communities are important moderators on individual actions more generally. Shura councils, or “majalis shura” are thus positive structures that could become forums for dialogue and reconciliation, as demonstrated through various nationwide initiatives recently. Traditional conflict resolution is more accessible, rapid, context-responsive and less costly, permitting a more participatory approach to reconciliation that has been insufficiently supported so far. Experience of local reconciliation initiatives shows indeed that these local non-state actors are the leading drivers of change in today’s Libya, and that failing to include them will overrun any efforts to build long-term legitimacy at the national level.



Role objective:

The consultant will endeavour to connect various initiatives of community reconciliation through the establishment of a national network meant to strengthen their capacity for change. By coordinating between the different actors and initiatives such a network could contribute to strengthening the ability of social reconciliation mechanisms to achieve lasting reconciliation.The consultancy is part of the project’s second outcome “Bottom-up reconciliation processes are strengthened and relevant civil society actors, in particular youth and women, capacitated”, output 2.1: “Bottom-up reconciliation and peacebuilding initiatives are supported”.


Expected output:

Reporting to UNSMIL/PAD under supervision of the Project Manager of the National Reconciliation project at UNDP Libya, the consultant will assist the mission in its task of providing technical assistance on the national reconciliation process, through his/her support in implementing output 2.1 of the project.


He/she will:


         Provide advice and policy guidance to the Political Division of UNSMIL and the project team on the various ways that the local/community reconciliation initiatives could be inter-connected, in a way that would better enhance national reconciliation in the long-term.

         Make a detailed list (with affiliations, origins, bios and contacts), based on the mapping reports already conducted, of the possible members of the future network, which would include local facilitators, peacemakers and mediators in Libya, and all actors engaged in reconciliation in their communities including civil society organizations, youth activists, municipalities, women’s groups, notables, tribal leaders, elders, businessmen and others.

         Elaborate draft terms of references and functions for the “network”, including:


o    Monitoring social and national reconciliation initiatives from the point of view of their respect for international norms and standards, and sharing best practices in that regards.

o    Assisting in monitoring the terms and the implementation of local agreements and acting as a neutral umbrella bringing together actors that yet do not interact with one another, including through the installation of a hotline that would provide day-to-day advice and mutual support between all actors involved in reconciliation efforts.

o    Playing an advocacy role for the implementation of the network’s recommendations with relevant national and international authorities.

o    Facilitate information sharing and lessons learned between the various actors of peace and reconciliation, thereby creating a community of practice among local mediators/peacemakers.

o    Acting in a preventive role, by sending its mediators on the ground to prevent conflict or resolve it through local arbitration commissions ensuring that victims, women, youth and minorities’ voices are always adequately reflected in the terms of the agreements.

o    Contributing to ensuring that all reconciliation initiatives and agreements are properly documented, analysed, and archived.

o    Building the capacities of the network’s members, and if so, suggesting which areas in priority (this can lead to additional qualitative study/focus groups with interlocutors at a later stage).

o    Suggest terms of reference, memberships, rules of procedures and internal regulations for the network, including with regards to its administration and possible official status, name, etc.


The proposition will always consider best ways to integrate youth and women in this effort, while carefully analysing the challenges that this integration may raise, in particular with regards to elders/traditional leaders.


Expected products:


Specifically, the expert will provide the following outputs:


         Draft an initial list of members for the network of local mediators, based on the previous mapping reports, detailing names, affiliation, origin, process in which the member was engaged and in what role, and contact information, and including selection criteria.

         Elaborate draft terms of references, mandate and rules of procedures for the network, to serve as a basis for discussions and consultations with relevant stakeholders.

         Contact identified members of the network to get their buy-in for the initiative.

         Propose a concept note and agenda for the first meeting of the network to be held in Tripoli.

         Full attendance, facilitation and mediation during the first meeting of the network.

         Final report with recommendations on the next step.


Project reporting:

         Reporting to the project manager


Team management:

This role doesn't require management field




§  Bachelor's degree in humanities, social sciences, language, political science, arts, or related areas..


Work experience:

§  Minimum of 7 years of demonstrable relevant Conflict Analysis experience.


Geographical experience:

§  Minimum of 7 years of experience in Africa with local experience in Libya is an advantage.



§  Fluency in Arabic (essential) and English (desirable).



Key competencies:

Performance indicators:


         The UN has a comprehensive strategy, detailed composition and terms of reference for a national network of local mediators in Libya.

         Relevant key stakeholders/mediators support the initiative and are ready to participate in the network.

         Risks are assessed and potential spoilers identified and neutralized.

         The network’s role and functioning is defined and clarified through inclusive consultations and based on the local security and political dynamics.

         Preparation of the modules, sessions and agenda of the first meeting of the network  is done in consultation with the project team and in line with the project’s goals and the general guidelines of the UN.

         Full facilitation during the meeting is provided with an emphasis on inclusiveness, participation, accountability and transparency, and stressing the importance of youth and women participation.

         Technical assistance is provided to UNSMIL/UNDP on the follow-up of the recommendations emanating from the meeting regarding the establishment of the network, and how to link them with national reconciliation efforts and the other outcomes of the project.




         BA qualification in humanities, social sciences, language, political science, arts, or related areas.

         Minimum 7 years of experience in broad human rights area (preferably in conflict resolution and peacebuilding areas including facilitation and mediation).

         Fluency in English (both oral and written) is preferred.

To apply please follow this link: https://recruitmentctg.force.com/xcdrecruit__Site_ExternalPositionDetails?id=a1124000002rrbg


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Date posted 02-11-2017
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